A procedure of artificial fertilisation, Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection or ICSI, is highly useful in cases where infertility is caused due to sperm irregularities. The process of ICSI helps in enhancing the fertilisation phase of ART (Assisted Reproductive Technique) like In Vitro Fertilisation.
The procedure of intracytoplasmic sperm injection involves the direct injection of a single sperm into the egg. This helps in ensuring fruitful fertilisation. The method of ICSI is beneficial in cases where infertility occurs due to lack of sperm count, decreased sperm mobility, irregularities in sperm shape and structure or low quality of sperm
The procedure of ICSI is initiated with the collection of sperm and ovum. Then the sperm is immobilised with laser or other immobilisation techniques and aspirated into a microinjection needle. This is then injected directly into the cytoplasm of ovum or egg that is held with a pipette.
ICSI procedure helps in ensuring a high rate of success in fertilisation. The implantation of the embryo is done after 3 days of fertilisation with a success rate of about 41%. Implantation done after about 6 days ensures better results with about 63% success rate.
Sperm Collection Techniques in ICSI
In men with issues of low sperm count, sperm collection by natural methods are not possible. It needs to be extracted with the help of surgical procedures. The surgical sperm extraction methods include: -
- MESA (Micro Epidydimal Sperm Aspiration)
- PESA (Percutaneous Sperm Aspiration)
- TESE (Testicular Sperm Extraction) – sperm is collected directly from the testes.
Benefits of ICSI
The benefits of ICSI are as described below: -
- Can help treat severe cases of male infertility
- Can help in successful fertilization even with low mobility and young sperms as well
- Effective in cases where IVF has failed many times
- Can use sperm after genetic testing for deformities
With a motto of providing a helping hand to nature, Genesis Fertility Research Centre (GFRC) offers quality treatments for all infertility issues powered by the skill and expertise of a highly-qualified faculty.
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