What is Surrogacy?Surrogacy is when couple who wants to have a child and are medically unfit to conceive, another woman carries and gives birth to a baby for the couples.
There are two kinds of Surrogacy:
Traditional Surrogacy: In this case the women who gets artificially inseminated with the father's sperm carries and delivers the baby for the couples. In a traditional surrogacy the surrogate mother is the biological mother of the baby because it was her egg that was fertilized by the father's sperm. In this procedure Donor sperm can also be used.
Gestational Surrogacy: In this procedure the In vitro Fertilization (IVF) is used to gather eggs from the mother and fertilize them with sperm from the father. The embryo is then placed into the uterus of a surrogate mother, she then carries and delivers the baby. In this case the surrogate mother doesn't have any genetic relationship with the baby. In a gestational surrogacy the surrogate mother is called the "birth mother".
The following are the types of medical conditions that may consider for a Surrogacy:
- Medical problems with the uterus
- Recurrent pregnancy loss
- Absence or malformation of the womb
- Repeated in vitro fertilization (IVF) failures
- Other conditions that make pregnancy risky for a woman, such as severe heart disease
How Surrogacy Works?Surrogacy works on two basis Full surrogacy and Partial surrogacy :
Full Surrogacy: Full surrogacy also known as Gestational or Host surrogacy, involves the implantation of an embryo fertilized using either a donated egg that is fertilized with sperm from the intended father, an embryo created using donor eggs and sperm or the eggs and sperm of the intended parents.
Partial Surrogacy: Also known as Straight or Traditional surrogacy involves an egg from the surrogate and sperm from the intended father. In this case the fertilization is usually done by Intrauterine insemination (IUI) or Artificial insemination.
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